Abstract Keeping a herd healthy is the goal of every livestock producer. Deviation from a normal state of health leads to disease. It can have more than one cause, vary in severity, and differ from one animal to another. Of the three major categories that diseases are commonly grouped in, infectious diseases make up the largest. These are caused by “agents” and are capable of being transmitted from one animal to another, or from animals to man. While each disease can have its own clinical signs, failure to diagnose and prevent its spread can lead to catastrophic consequences to a livestock producer’s herd. This paper presents information about the clinical signs, general treatments and approaches to the prevention of some common and reportable infectious diseases of small ruminants. They include several of the important foreign animal diseases and diseases that must be reported to state officials.

Keywords: Infectious Diseases, Clinical Signs, Prevention, Small Ruminants, Ruminants